Tsinghua University, Beijing
Recent years have seen a revival and a new growth of interest in the phase of English literary and cultural criticism known as ‘Cambridge Criticism’ or ‘Cambridge English’. That phase – from the early 1920s (soon after the founding of the English Faculty at Cambridge) to the mid-1930s – is especially associated with the work of I. A. Richards and his pupil William Empson. Richards is often identified as the progenitor of the American ‘New Criticism’ (though he himself demurred). He had a close association with T. S. Eliot, a major influence on the contemporary poetry and criticism.